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【VAPE 真相系列 】全球重要健康機構及組織 電子煙評價整理

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【VAPE 真相系列 】全球重要健康機構及組織 電子煙評價整理

 

彙編:HCVAPE TEAM | LEVIOS 7/10/2019 

謠言滿天飛,讓HC VAPE來為大家撥雲見日吧!《全球重要健康機構及組織對電子煙的評價彙整》

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1.

NASEM / National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
美國國家科學、工程、醫學學院

While e-cigarettes are not without health risk, they are likely to be for less harmful than combustible tobacco cigarettes.

即便電子煙不是完全沒有健康風險的,它的危害程度也遠遠低於菸草

 

2.

USFDA / U.S. Food and Drug Administration

美國食品藥物管理局

Make no mistake. We see the possibility for ENDS products like e-cigarettes to provide a potentially less harmful alternative for currently addicted individual adults smokers who still want to get access to satisfying levels of nicotine without many of the harmful effects that come with the combustion of tobacco.

比起含尼古丁的香煙來說,我們預見到電子煙可成為尼古丁成癮者的替代品。以成分來說比起含尼古丁的菸草電子煙對成癮者的相對低很多

 

3.

American Cancer Society

美國癌症協會

Based on currently available evidence, current-generation e-cigarettes are Society markedly less harmful than combustible tobacco products.

根據最近可以顯示的研究證據,新一代電子煙的傷害顯著的少於可燃(傳統)菸草

 

4.

American Association of Public Health Physicians

美國公共衛生醫師協會

Smokers unable or uninterested in quitting should American Association of PUBLIC HEALTH consider switching to a less hazardous smoke-free tobacco/nicotine product (including) nicotine PHYSICIANS replacement therapy, electronic cigarettes; snus; other forms of moist snuff, and chewing tobacco.

無法或是沒有意願戒菸的吸菸者,應該考慮沒有菸草,危害少很多,含/不含 尼古丁的治療替代(方案):電子煙、鼻煙、snuff、咀嚼菸草

 

5.

Royal College of Physicians

倫敦皇家內科醫學院

Available data suggest that e-cigarette health risks are unlikely to exceed 5% Royal College of those associated with smoked tobacco products, and may well be substantially lower. In the UK, harm ey of Physicians reduction is a recognised element of comprehensive tobacco control. E-cigarettes are effective in helping people to stop smoking. There are as yet no identified health risks from second hand vapour.

在英國菸害為英國非常重視的一塊。據研究顯示電子煙的危害量比起普通菸草不會超過5%。其他比數也相對較低

根據數據顯示電子煙確實幫助成癮者有效戒菸且沒有足夠證據顯示電子菸對吸入二手菸者健康有害

 

6.

British Medical Association

英國醫學會

There are clear potential benefits to e-cigarette use in reducing the substantial harms associated with smoking, and a growing consensus that they are significantly less harmful than tobacco use.

電子煙的傷害大量的減少了,潛力優勢很明確;目前逐漸形成的共識是電子煙的傷害顯著的較菸草少

 

7.

British Lung Foundation

英國肺臟基金會

There's more evidence than ever that e-cigarettes are safer than smoking, and a way to give up altogether. Swapping cigarettes for an e-cig can improve your symptoms of lung conditions like asthma and COPD.

越來越多證據顯示,電子煙比抽菸安全多了,也是個戒除的管道

將紙菸換成電子煙,可以改善氣喘和COPD慢性阻塞性肺病的症狀

 

8.

Public Health England

英國公共衛生部

Our new review reinforces the finding that vaping is a fraction of the risk of Public Health smoking, at least 95% less harmful, & of negligible risk to bystanders. Yet over half of smokers either England falsely believe that vaping is as harmful as smoking or just don't know.

我們的新研究發現強調了抽電子煙的風險只是吸菸一小部分的。至少少了95%的危害,剩下可以忽略不計,然而,令人覺得不可思議的是,還有超過一半的吸菸的人不知道,覺得抽紙菸危害跟抽電子煙差不多。

 

9.

Cancer Research UK

英國癌症研究中心

Evidence so far indicates e-cigarettes are far less harmful than tobacco and may help smokers to cut down or quit. We do not believe there is justification for an indoor ban, either on the basis of potential harm to bystanders from 2nd-hand vapour or that they renormalize smoking.  

以目前的證據證實,電子菸的危害遠遠小於菸草,也有助於吸菸者減少吸菸的次數甚至戒菸。我們認為無論是基於電子菸產生的二手菸對於旁人的危害或是電子菸正規劃,都沒有理由禁止市內吸菸。

 

10.

Royal Society for Public Health

英國皇家公共衛生協會

Endorses new Public Health England (PHE) report reflecting up-to-date evidence that is increasingly pointing in the same direction: not only is vaping at least 95% less harmful than smoking, but it is also helping increasing numbers of smokers to quit.

英格蘭公共衛生(PHE)的報告認證提供了最新的證據,越來越多證據證實電子菸不僅比吸菸至少少了95%的危害,而且還幫助越來越多的吸菸者戒菸。

 

11.

Royal College of General Practitioners

英國皇家全科醫師學院

Royal College of General Practitioners: The evidence so far shows that e-cigarettes have significantly reduced levels of key toxicants compared to cigarettes, with average levels of exposure falling well below the thresholds for concern.

目前為止的證據顯示,與香菸相比,電子菸的主要毒素含量明顯的降低許多,遠遠低於過量的標準值。

 

12.

Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group

Cochrane 菸草成癮組織

(一家國際非營利和獨立組織,致力於製作和傳播有關全球醫療保健最新的成果,美國國立衛生研究院(NIHR)是Cochrane煙草成癮組織最大的資助者)

Electronic cigarettes may increase the chance of Tobacco Addiction quitting smoking long term (and) no serious side effects were associated with their use (up to two years).

長期使用電子菸能夠增加戒菸的機會,且無嚴重副作用(最長可達兩年)。

 

13.

Government of Canada

加拿大政府

Vaping is less harmful than smoking. Adults can now legally get vaping products with nicotine as a less harmful option than smoking. Switching from tobacco cigarettes to vaping products will reduce a person’s exposure to many toxic and cancer causing chemicals.

吸電子菸的危害比吸菸還小。現在,成年人可以合法的使用含有尼古丁的電子菸產品,這是一個比吸普通菸草危害還要小的選擇。從菸草轉換成蒸氣產品將減少人們接觸到許多有毒及致癌的化學物質。

 

14.

Truth Initiative

真理倡議

some smokers may be unable or unwilling to quit using nicotine and would benefit by completely switching to a much lower harm nicotine delivery mechanism (including potentially a well-regulated e-cigarette).

許多吸菸的人可能無法或是不願意戒掉尼古丁,所以改用危害小很多的尼古丁釋放機械(包括受到良好品質管理的電子菸)會使他們受益。

 

15.

New Zealand Ministry of Health

紐西蘭衛生部

There is an opportunity, through better regulation (and public MINISTRY OF HEALTH

information), to support smokers to switch to significantly less harmful alternatives, substantially reducing the risks to their health and those around them.

通過更好的監管(以及公眾訊息),我們可能會支持吸菸者使用危害小更多的替代品,以大大降低他們以及周圍旁人的健康風險。

 

16.

Royal Australian & New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

澳大利亞&紐西蘭皇家精神科醫學院

Research shows that 70% of people with The Royal schizophrenia and 61% of people with bipolar disorder smoke compared to 16% of the illness. E-cigarettes and vaporizers provide a safer way to deliver nicotine to those who are unable to stop College of Psychiatrists smoking, thereby minimizing the harms associated with smoking tobacco and reducing some of the health

disparities experienced by people with mental illness.

研究數據指出,70%的精神分裂患者以及61%的雙向情感障礙患者吸菸,而沒有精神疾病的比例為16%。電子菸與汽化器為那些無法戒菸的人提供了一種更安全的尼古丁輸送方式,並且將吸菸帶來的危害降到最低,也減少了精神疾病患者所經歷健康上的不適。

 

17.

Philippine house of Representative

菲律賓眾議院

Voted unanimously to adopt a resolution promoting harm reduction as part of its National Tobacco Control Strategy, particularly the use of electronic cigarettes as a less harmful alternative for smokers (August 2018)

2018年不具名投票推廣菸害為國家煙草控制戰略的一部份,特別指出電子煙對吸菸者的菸害相對較低

 

18.

DANA | Drug and Alcohol Nurse Australasia

澳大拉西亞藥酒管理處

 E-cigarettes are a much safer alternative to smoking for those who are unable to quit with conventional therapies. DANA supports the use of e-cigarettes as a harm replacement tool or cessation aid for smokers who cannot quit with approved therapies, and supports low or no taxation on vaping products to maintain a price advantage to encourage smokers to switch.

電子煙對健康的安全性遠高於一般菸草。已相對減少傷害為考量,DANA 強烈支持無法戒煙者使用電子煙為一般香菸的替代品的物理治療法。同時並支持較低或無稅收來鼓勵大眾對於健康的重視

 

19.

NHS SCOTLAND

蘇格蘭國家健保服務局

Smoking kills. Helping people to NHS stop smoking completely is our priority. There is now agreement based on the current evidence that vaping e-cigarettes is definitely less harmful than smoking tobacco. It would be a good thing if smokers SCOTLAND used them instead of tobacco.

(此為蘇格蘭國家健保服務局對電子煙的聲明)

吸菸會致死。幫助成癮者戒煙為我們的最高宗旨。

現今大量資訊都指向電子煙有效幫助戒煙並且對健康的傷害較少。
對於吸煙者來說電子菸會是個很好的方案

 

Created and endorsed by: Action on Smoking & Health Scotland • Cancer Research UK Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland • Chief Medical Officer for Scotland. Directors of Public Health . Faculty of Public Health NHS Ayrshire and Arran. NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde.NHS Lothian. NHS Tayside . Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation. Royal College of General Practitioners Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh • Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow • Royal Environmental Health Institute of Scotland Scottish Collaboration for Public Health

 

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作者:HC VAPE|發布時間:2019年10月7日下午 04:04:04


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